30 Facts About Islam
1. Meaning of Islam
"Islam" means "peace through the submission to God".
2. Meaning of Muslim
"Muslim" means "anyone or anything that submits itself to the will of God".
3. Relation with Abrahamic Traditions
Islam is not a cult. Its followers number over 1.5 billion worldwide. Along
with Judaism and Christianity, it is considered to be one of the three Abrahamic
4. Pillars of Islam
There are five pillars of practice in Islam
. These practices must be
undertaken with the best of effort in order to be considered a true Muslim:
Shahadah - declaration of faith in the oneness of God and that Muhammad is the
last prophet of God.
B) Formal prayer five times a day.
C) Fasting during the
daylight hours in the month of Ramadan.
D) Poor-due "tax" - 2.5% of one's
savings given to the needy at the end of each year.
E) Pilgrimage to Mecca at
least once, if physically and financially able.
5. Articles of Faith
There are six articles of faith in Islam
. These are the basic beliefs that
one must have in order to be considered a true Muslim. They are belief in:
the One God.
B) all the prophets of God.
C) the original scriptures revealed to
Prophets Moses, David, Jesus, and Muhammad.
D) the angels.
E) the Day of
Judgment and the Hereafter.
F) the divine decree (or destiny).
6. Islam, a Way of Life
Islam is a complete way of life that governs all facets of life: moral,
spiritual, social, political, economical, intellectual, etc.
7. Growth, Testimony
Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in the world. To become Muslim,
a person of any race or culture must say a simple statement, the shahadah, that
bears witness to the belief in the One God and that Prophet Muhammad was the
last prophet of God.
8. Meaning of Allah
"Allah" is an Arabic word that means "God". Muslims also believe that "Allah"
is the personal name of God.
9. Allah is God
Allah is not the God of Muslims only. He is the God of all people and all
creation. Just because people refer to God using different terms does not mean
that they are different gods. Spanish people refer to God as "Dios" and French
people refer to God as "Dieu", yet they are all the same God. Interestingly,
most Arab Jews and Arab Christians refer to God as "Allah". And the word Allah
in Arabic appears on the walls of many Arab churches.
10. Concept of God
The Islamic concept of God is that He is loving, merciful, and
compassionate. But Islam also teaches that He is just and swift in punishment.
Nevertheless, Allah once said to Prophet Muhammad, "My mercy prevails over my
wrath." Islam teaches a balance between fear and hope, protecting one from both
complacency and despair.
11. Names / Attributes of Allah
Muslims believe that God has revealed 99 of His names (or attributes) in the
Holy Qur'an. It is through these names that one can come to know the Creator. A
few of these names are: the All-Merciful, the All-Knower, the Protector, the
Provider, the Near, the First, the Last, the Hidden, and the Source of Peace.
12. Belief in Prophets
Muslims believe in and acknowledge all the prophets of old, from Adam to
Jesus. Muslims believe that they brought the message of peace and submission
(Islam) to different peoples at different times. Muslims also believe that these
prophets were "Muslims" because they submitted their wills to God.
13. To Whom Muslims Worship
Muslims neither worship Muhammad nor pray through him. Muslims solely worship
the unseen and Omniscient Creator, Allah.
14. Belief in Quran and other Scriptures
Muslims accept the original unaltered Torah (the Gospel of Moses) and the
original Bible (the Gospel of Jesus) since they were revealed by God. However,
none of those original scriptures are in existence today, in their entirety.
Therefore, Muslims follow the subsequent, final, and preserved revelation of
God, the Holy Qur'an.
15. Authour of Quran
The Holy Qur'an was not authored by Muhammad. It was authored by God,
revealed to Muhammad, and written into physical form by his companions.
16. Accuracy of the Quran
The Holy Qur'an has no flaws or contradictions. The original Arabic
scriptures have never been changed or tampered with.
17. Authenticity of the Quran
Actual seventh century Qur'ans, complete and intact, are on display in
museums in Turkey and many other places around the world.
18. Quran Preserved in Book and Heart
If all Qur'ans in the world today were burned and destroyed, the original
Arabic would still remain. This is because millions of Muslims, called Hafiz (or
"preservers") have memorized the text letter for letter from beginning to end,
every word and syllable. Also, chapters from the Qur'an are precisely recited
from memory by every Muslim in each of the five daily prayers.
19. Our deeds questioned on Day of Judgement
Muslims do not believe in the concept of "vicarious atonement" but rather
believe in the law of personal responsibility. Islam teaches that each person is
responsible for his or her own actions. On the Day of Judgment Muslims believe
that every person will be resurrected and will have to answer to God for their
every word, thought, and deed. Consequently, a practicing Muslim is always
striving to be righteous.
20. Spread of Islam
Islam was not spread by the sword. It was spread by the word (Islamic
teachings) and the example of its followers. Islam teaches that there is no
compulsion in religion (the Holy Qur'an 2:256 and 10:99).
21. Terrorism & Fanaticism alien to Islam
Terrorism, unjustified violence and the killing of innocent people are
absolutely forbidden in Islam. Islam is a way of life that is meant to bring
peace to a society, whether its people are Muslim or not. The extreme actions of
those who claim to be Muslim may be, among other things, a result of their
ignorance or uncontrolled anger. Tyrant rulers and those who commit acts of
terrorism in the name of Islam are simply not following Islam. These people are
individuals with their own views and political agendas. Fanatical Muslims are no
more representative of the true Islamic teachings than Timothy McVeigh or David
Koresh are of Christianity. Extremism and fanaticism is a problem that is common
to all religious groups. Anyone who thinks that all Muslims are terrorists
should remember that the famous boxer Muhammad Ali, perhaps the most celebrated
person of our era, is a practicing Muslim.
22. Explaining Jihad
The word "jihad" does not mean "holy war". Instead, it means the inner
struggle that one endures in trying to submit their will to the will of God.
Some Muslims may say they are going for "jihad" when fighting in a war to defend
themselves or their fellow Muslims, but they only say this because they are
conceding that it will be a tremendous struggle. But there are many other forms
of jihad which are more relevant to the everyday life of a Muslim such as the
struggles against laziness, arrogance, stinginess, or the struggle against a
tyrant ruler or against the temptation of Satan, or against one's own ego, etc.
23. Status of Women in Islam
Women are not oppressed in Islam. Any Muslim man that oppresses a woman is
not following Islam. Among the many teachings of Prophet Muhammad that protected
the rights and dignity of women is his saying, "...the best among you are those
who treat their wives well." (Tirmidhi)
24. Rights of Women in Islam
Islam grants women numerous rights in the home and in society. Among them
are the right to earn money, to financial support, to an education, to an
inheritance, to being treated kindly, to vote, to a dowry, to keep their maiden
name, to worship in a mosque, etc., etc.
25. Hijab Dress for Muslim Woman
Muslim women wear the head-covering (hijab) in fulfillment of God's decree
to dress modestly. From a practical standpoint, it serves to identify one as
attempting to follow God in daily life and, therefore, protects women from
unwanted advances from men. This type of modest dress has been worn by righteous
women throughout history. Prominent examples are traditional Catholic Nuns,
Mother Teresa and the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus.
26. Status of Marriages and Divorce in Islam
Arranged marriages are allowed in Islam but are not required. Whereas
"forced" marriages, usually stemming from cultural practice, are forbidden.
Divorce is permissible, however, reconciliation is what is most encouraged. But
if there are irreconcilable differences then Islam permits a fair and just
27. Deviated Alien Groups
Islam and the "Nation of Islam" are two different religions. Islam is a
religion for all races and enjoins the worship of the one unseen God who,
orthodox Muslims believe, never took human form. The "Nation", on the other
hand, is a movement geared towards non-whites and teaches that God appeared in
the form of Fard Muhammad in 1930 and that Elijah Muhammad (a man who died in
1975) was a prophet of God. These beliefs clearly contradict the basic Islamic
theology outlined in the Qur'an. The followers of "the Nation" adhere to some
Islamic principles that are mixed with many other teachings that are alien to
Islam. To better understand the difference between the two, read about Malcolm
X, his pilgrimage to Mecca and his subsequent comments to the media. Islam
teaches equality amongst all the races (Holy Qur'an 49:13).
[In addition, there are many other deviated groups, among those, who refute
Finality of Prophethood like "Ahmadias" & "Qadianis" group, and also those who cast
doubt on following Prophetic traditions like the "Ahle Quran" or
"Munkar-e-Hadith" group (who say following Quran is sufficient, while they reject
hadith and do not offer prayer) etc - Web Admin.]
28. Muslims and Arabs
All Muslims are not Arab. Islam is a universal religion and way of life
which includes followers from all races of people. There are Muslims in and from
virtually every country in the world. Arabs only constitute about 20% of Muslims
worldwide. Indonesia has the largest concentration of Muslims with over 120
29. Kaaba in Mecca
In the five daily prayers, Muslims face the Kaaba in Mecca, Arabia. It is a
cube-shaped stone structure that was originally built by Prophet Adam and later
rebuilt by Prophet Abraham. Muslims believe that the Kaaba was the first house
of worship on Earth dedicated to the worship of one god. Muslims do not worship
the Kaaba. It serves as a central focal point for Muslims around the world,
unifying them in worship and symbolizing their common belief, spiritual focus
and direction. Interestingly, the inside of the Kaaba is empty.
30. Pilgrimage to Kaaba
The hajj is a simultaneous pilgrimage to the Kaaba made by millions of
Muslims each year. It is performed to commemorate the struggles of Abraham,
Ishmael and Hagar in submitting their wills to God.