Praise be to Allaah.
Friday has many
distinguishing features and virtues that Allaah has bestowed upon
this day and not others.
It was narrated
that Abu Hurayrah and Hudhayfah (may Allaah be pleased with them)
said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: “Allaah led those who came before us away from Friday.
The Jews had Saturday, and the Christians had Sunday. Then Allaah
brought us and Allaah guided us to Friday. So there is Friday, Saturday
and Sunday, and thus they will follow us on the Day of Resurrection.
We are the last of the people of this world but we will be the first
on the Day of Resurrection, and we will be dealt with before all
Narrated by Muslim,
The apparent meaning is that it was obligatory for them to venerate
Friday but this was not stated clearly; the matter was left to their
own reasoning… But they did not manage to work it out and Allaah
did not guide them to it. It was enjoined clearly upon this ummah,
and was not left to their own reasoning, thus they were blessed
with it … It was narrated that Moosa enjoined Friday upon them and
told them of its virtues, but they disputed with him and argued
that Saturday was better, and it was said to him, ‘Let them be.’
Al-Qaadi said: if there had been a clear command, their arguing
with him would not have been valid, rather it would have been said
to him that they were going against the command. I say: it may be
that that was clearly enjoined upon them but they disputed as to
whether it was something they had to adhere to or they could change
it to another day; they decided to change it to another day and
they erred greatly thereby.
It comes as no
surprise that Friday was specifically enjoined upon them and they
went against that.
How can it be otherwise when they are the ones who said “We hear
and we disobey”?
It was narrated from Aws ibn
Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace
be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet
will be blown and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send
a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown
to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings
upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said,
“Allaah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets,
peace be upon them.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047;
classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi
Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood,
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah
(may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best day on which
the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created, on it he was admitted
to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.”
Narrated by Muslim,
This hadeeth includes
some of the reasons why Friday is regarded as special.
said: The apparent meaning is that these virtues do not mean that
Friday is regarded as special because Adam was expelled on a Friday
and the Hour will begin on a Friday. Rather it is meant to explain
what momentous events took place and will take place on this day,
so that people will make the most of this day to do righteous deeds,
so as to attain the mercy of Allaah and ward off His punishment.
This is the view of al-Qaadi. Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said in his
book al-Ahwadhi fi Sharh al-Tirmidhi: All of these events are good
and add to the virtue of Friday. The expulsion of Adam from Paradise
is the reason why his offspring and the Messengers, the Prophets,
the righteous and the awliya’ exist. He was not expelled from it
as such, but rather it was for a purpose, then he will return to
it. With regard to the Hour beginning on a Friday, the reason is
so that the reward may be hastened for the Prophets, believers in
truth, awliya’ and others, and their honour and high status may
be made manifest. This hadeeth points to the virtues of Friday and
its high status in relation to the other days.
It was narrated that Abu Lubaabah
ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: “Friday is the master of days, and the greatest
of them before Allaah. It is greater before Allaah than the day
of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr. It has five characteristics:
on this day Allaah created Adam, on it He sent Adam down to the
earth, on it Allaah caused Adam to die, on it there is a time when
a person does not ask Allaah for anything but He gives it to him,
so long as he does not ask for anything haraam, and on it the Hour
will begin. There is no angel who is close to Allaah, no heaven,
no earth, no wind, no mountain and no sea that does not fear Friday.”
Narrated by Ibn
Maajah, 1084; classed as hasan by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’,
“They fear Friday”
means they fear the onset of the Hour. This indicates that all created
beings are aware of the days and they know that the Day of Resurrection
will come on a Friday.
The virtues of
this day include the following:
1 - On it is Salaat
al-Jumu’ah (Friday prayer), which is the best of prayer.
Allaah says (interpretation
of the meaning):
“O you who believe
(Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salaah (prayer) on
Friday (Jumu‘ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allaah [Jumu‘ah
religious talk (Khutbah) and Salaah (prayer)] and leave off business
(and every other thing). That is better for you if you did but know!”
Muslim (233) narrated
from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger
of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The
five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation
for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not
commit a major sin.”
2 - Praying Fajr
in congregation on Fridays is the best prayer that the Muslim can
pray during the week.
It was narrated
that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: “The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer
on Friday in congregation.”
Narrated by al-Bayhaqi
in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’,
One of the special
features of Fajr prayer on Friday is that it is Sunnah to recite
Soorat al-Sajdah in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Insaan in the
It was narrated
from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite in Fajr
prayer in Fridays Alif-Laam-Meem Tanzeel (Soorat al-Sajdah) in the
first rak’ah and Hal ata ‘ala’l-insaan heenun min al-dahr lam yakun
shay’an madhkooran (Soorat al-Insaan) in the second.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari,
851; Muslim, 880.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar
It was said that
the reason why these two soorahs are recited is because they mention
the creation of Adam and what will happen on the Day of Resurrection,
because that will come to pass on a Friday.
3 - Whoever dies
during the day or night of Friday, Allaah will protect him from
the trial of the grave.
It was narrated
that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no Muslim who dies
during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allaah will
protect him from the trial of the grave.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi,
1074; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz, p.
These are some of the virtues
of Friday. We ask Allaah to help us to please Him.
And Allaah knows